Surat is a major center for diamond cutting and polishing. The first diamond workshops in Gujarat appeared in Surat and Navsari in the late 1950s. The major groups working in this industry are people from the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. Due to the demand in the US market (with a slight slowdown in 1979) from the 1970s to the mid-1980s, Surat’s diamond industry grew tremendously. At present, most of the diamond polishing workshops are in the Varachha area of Surat, mostly from the Patel community.
Since it is known for the production of textiles including silk, Surat is known as the textile hub of the nation or the silk city of India. It is very famous for its cotton mills and Surat zari crafts. Surat is the largest center of MMF (man-made fiber) in India. It has a total of 381 dyeing and printing mills and 41,100 power loom units. There are more than one hundred units and mills in total. The total annual turnover is around 5 billion rupees. There are more than 800 textile wholesalers in Surat. It is the largest manufacturer of clothes in India, and Surti dress material can be found in any state of India. Surat produces 9 million meters of fabric every year, which is 60% of the total polyester fabric production in India. Now the city is focusing on increasing its textile exports.